What is a function of NPTv6?
A. It interferes with encryption of the full IP payload.
B. It maintains a per-node state.
C. It is checksum-neutral.
D. It rewrites transport layer headers.
Correct Answer: C
RFC 6296 describes a stateless Ipv6-to-Ipv6 Network Prefix Translation (NPTv6) function, designed to provide address independence to the edge network. It is transport-agnostic with respect to transports that do not checksum the IP header, such as SCTP, and to transports that use the TCP/UDP/DCCP (Datagram
Congestion Control Protocol) pseudo-header and checksum NPTv6 provides a simple and compelling solution to meet the address-independence requirement in Ipv6. The address-independence benefit stems directly from the translation function of the network prefix translator. To avoid as many of the issues associated with NAPT44 as possible, NPTv6 is defined to include a two-way, checksum-neutral, algorithmic translation function, and nothing else.
NPT stands for Network Prefix Translation.
IPv6-to-IPv6 Network Prefix Translation (NPTv6) performs a stateless, static translation of one IPv6 prefix to
another IPv6 prefix thereby allowing private Unique Local Addresses (ULA) to be able to access the Internet, by translating it to Global Routable Addresses
NPTv6 does not do a port translation, hence, the ports remain the same for incoming and outgoing packets.